Category: Pathologies

The Neurotic Constitution: Outlines of a Comparative

Alfred Adler

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To summarize, both automatic and controlled cognitive processing play an important role in the social psychology of bigotry. Most significant were his de-emphasis of the importance of sexuality and aggression as motives, and his division of the unconscious into the personal (much like Freud's original concept) and the collective (a universal unconscious, containing symbolic patterns called archetypes). (For more information, see text and or links below.) Carl Jung --A chapter from an electronic book, detailing Jung's life and theory, by George Boeree of Shippensburg University.
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Jekyll on Trial: Multiple Personality Disorder and Criminal

Elyn R. Saks

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A common narcissistic personality disorder trait is pathological lying. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The majority of human beings will inevitably experience the loss of a loved one at some point in their lives. Because the recall questions were difficult, the results could have been due to deficits in either recall or reasoning. Here’s how Seligman puts it: “My favorite social psychologist, Roy Baumeister, believes self-discipline is the queen of all the virtues, the strength that enables the rest of the strengths.
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Aggressivity, Narcissism, and Self-Destructiveness in the

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Since this eighteen months have passed during which I have not seen S. The good news is that rates seem to have stabilized in the nineties. The evidence, however, suggests that the phenotypic structure of traits closely parallels the underlying genetic architecture (Livesley, Jang, & Vernon, 1998; Loehlin, 1987)—a point that is discussed in detail later in this chapter. It argues that both pleasure and satisfaction are elements of hedonic well-being and that their main function is to reward goal achievement and to mentally signalize that the body is in homeostatic stability.
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Tribe: On Homecoming and Belonging

Sebastian Junger

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Persistent psychoses are a fixture of the patient's mental life and manifest for months or years. According to Heider, such P-O-X triads are balanced when P likes O and they hold the same (positive or negative) attitude toward X, or when P dislikes O and they hold different attitudes toward X. Social categorization and the self-concept: A social cognitive theory of group behavior. It is clear she does not understand Seligman’s definition of optimism, which is based on healthy ways of explaining bad events in our lives, primarily known as explanatory style.
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Risk Factors for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

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Theoretical Orientation In an important recapitulation nearly a quarter-century after his landmark work in Personality and Politics (1969), Greenstein (1992) resolved, “The study of personality and politics is possible and desirable, but systematic intellectual progress is possible only if there is careful attention to problems of evidence, inference, and conceptualization” (p. 105). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 431–449. F., McInnes, K., Poole, C., & Tor, S. (1998).
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The Paranoid: In and Out of Prison (American Series in

George B. Palermo

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The field of Music Psychology has grown dramatically in the past 20 years, to emerge from being just a minor topic to one of mainstream interest within the brain sciences. Positive Activity Interventions (PAIs) are intentional activities such as performing acts of kindness, practicing optimism, and counting one's blessing gleaned from decades of research into how happy and unhappy people are different.
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Recovery Beyond Psychiatry

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This search for identity finds its expression spatially. But isn't it possible that social phenomena really are the development and realization of certain ideas? Blends of dominance and nurturance can be located along the 360º perimeter of the circle. Despite the pervasive nature of social influence, then, it is commonly treated as a separate topic in textbooks and secondary source summaries of relevant theory and research.
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People Like Ourselves: Portrayals of Mental Illness in the

Jacqueline Noll Zimmerman

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Also can you please refer me to an expect in life skills and counseling if you know any. She asked to be allowed to take part in such experiments, and her desire was soon gratified. Psychoanalytic theory in retrospect and prospect. In this article, Jonathan Cohen argues that the goals of education need to be reframed to prioritize not only academic learning, but also social, emotional, and ethical competencies. Staub (1999) argued that a conscious intention to destroy is not a necessary aspect of evil.
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Alone Together: Making an Asperger Marriage Work

Katrin Bentley

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Berkowitz (Ed. ), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 11, pp. 289–338). Does one have access to all the relevant input? At this point, however, there is a divergence. The original justification for our obscenity laws was predicated on an unfounded assumption that speech can deprave or corrupt children, but there is little (if any) social-science data demonstrating that a word in and of itself causes harm. The sociologist could now confront the history of one society with another, to see if the same phenomenon evolves over time in response to the same conditions.
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AQA A2 Psychology Unit 4: Unit 4: Psychopathology (Student

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Yet the similarities in the findings in the two literatures are striking enough to warrant further thought about how the literatures are related. Brewer’s (1991) optimal distinctiveness model of the motives underlying group identification provides one explanation for why category distinctions are difficult to change. Self-verification: Bringing social reality into harmony with the self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 116–123.
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